Kirovohrad Regional Universal Research Library Olexander Ilyin's KUNSTKAMMER
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    In October 1993 in Kirovograd there died Olexander Borisovich Ilyin, a person who called himself  "a collector of ancientry". 
    In 1994 the state became the owner of his library unique by its size and by the value of the books contained and of his collection which can reasonably be called "Kunstkammer" - works of art, archaeological objects, various devices, pottery and china, furniture...


V.Fyodorov. A portret of O.Ilyin. Kirovohrad. 1950-s. Cardboard: iol.

Altar Cross. 1786.
Silver:casting, stampling, gilding. 
Wood: cutting.

Lugged axe. The year 2,000 B.C.
Stone:cbiselling, grinding, drilling.
Socketed axe. The year 2,000 B.C.
Bronze: casting.
Lugged axe. The year 3,000 B.C.
Copper: casting. 

Roman bronze sculpture. 
The IInd - IVth c.c. A.D.
-Ancient Egyptian God.
-A key-herma in the image of Dionis.
-Helios' head.

Icon "Virgin Hodegetria".
The late XVIth c.(?)
Wood, canvas, primer, tempera.

Icon "God's Mother Okhtyrska".
The XVIIIth c. Ukraine.
Wood, primer, oil.

Icon "God's Mother Pokrova and the Image of St. Paraskeva".
1752, renewed in 1895. Ukraine.
Wood, canvas, primer, oil.

Icon "St. George Snakegighter".
The late XVIIIth  - the early XIXtg c. Russia.(?). Wood, canvas, tempera.


The collection of books is kept in D. Chizhevsky Regional Research Library, while the "Kunstkammer" is preserved and exhibited in Kirovograd Regional Museum of Local Studies.

The following Catalogue devoted to this collection, is published under the resolution of the Academic Council of the Kirovograd Museum and at the expence of the International "Renaissance" Foundation (Dniepropetrovsk aerial branch). We are very much grateful to the Foundation for their sponsorship.

The oldest artefacts, which belonged to Olexander Borisovich, are archaeological objects covering a rather long period from the year 4,OOO B.C. till the 1st century A.D. Ancient pottery is presented in the collection by produce manufactured by masters of Dnieper - Donets'ka (4,000 B.C.), Trypil'ska (4,000 B.C. - 3,OOOB.C), Sabatinivs'ka (14 12 c.c. B.C.), Bilogrudovs'ka - Chornolis'la (11 8 c.c. B.C.) cultures as well as by antique samples. The collection includes samples of Cheniakhovs'ka culture which existed on the same historical period with Rome and sometimes tended to have the forms of art very much like those of ancient Rome.

A special interest for researchers presents iconography of the image of God's Mother. The image of God's Mother in the icon "Virgin Hodegetria (Guide)" is created in the traditions of medieval iconography. It is very strong emotionally and performed with high professionalism.

God's Mother saving Konstantinopol from enemies is depicted in the cathedral's icon "God's Mother Pokrova " (the middle of the XVIIIth c.). This icon belonged to the church of the village of Petroostriv. There is a mark on the icon witnessing that it was created in 1752 and renewed in 1895. The icon "God's Mother Okhtyrska" is performed in the traditions of the Rococo Ukrainian painting. The traits of this tradition can be seen in golden nimbus of late Barocco tradition, in general colour and in Ukrainian features of God's Mother. But above all this tradition can be traced in the plot itself which was characteristic for Ukrainian iconography in the middle of the XVIIIth c.

The small dainty home icon of the end of the XIXthc. "Neopalyma Kupina" is distinguished by its lightness, exquisiteness of painting, harmony of complex composition.

Vase. China. 
Porcelian: modelling, multylayer painting, burning glaze

Antique pottery of the late Vth - the early IVth century B.C.
-A fragment of a red - figured vase
 with a picture of a woman looking into the mirror.
Aryballos lecythus. Neck: modern reconstruction.
-A part of a black - gigured vase with a picture of a heavy - armed greek man-of-war.

Pottery of Chrniakovs'ka culture.
The IInd - IVth c.c. A.D.

Icon "God's Mother Kazanska".
The XViiith c.(?).
Wood, canvas, tempera. Covering: silver, engraving, pearls,garmet.

Icon "Death of God's Mother". The late XIXth c. Russia. 
Wood,  primer, tempera. Covering: silver, sbiselling, engraving, gilding.

A sketch for painting "St. Alexander Nevsky". The late XIXth c.

Side shutters of an icon and covering of shutters. The XVIIIth c.
Wood, primer, tempera. Silver: sbiselling.

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Copyright Kirovohrad Regional Museum of Local Stadies 1997
Copyright RURL Kirovohrad 2000